Do Safety Expectations Affect the Location Strategies of Large Service Delivery INGOs?
November 27, 2023
By: Moyer, J. D., Matthews, A. S., Evans, J., McPhee, J., & Kettlun, W. (2023). Do Safety Expectations Affect the Location Strategies of Large Service Delivery INGOs? International Interactions, 1–30. https://doi.org/10.1080/03050629.2023.2279616
Large service-delivery international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) help shape the lives of millions worldwide, contributing significantly to the betterment of global health, development, education, and more. However, these organizations operate on limited financial resources and must deliver services on-the-ground, requiring them to make calculated decisions about their location strategies for operations. Although these INGOs should aim to maximize their efforts by operating in countries with the greatest need, sometimes they may face challenges from political conditions in these environments. Do safety expectations in countries affect the assistance allocation decisions of large service delivery INGOs? We explore this question using new data on the location and operational-intensity of country-level projects across 90 of the largest service delivery INGOs worldwide between 1990 and 2015. We find that these INGOs do send greater operational resources to countries demonstrating need and that INGOs are not necessarily afraid to operate in countries with safety risks. However, large INGOs do send far fewer service operations to autocracies, suggesting that political factors affect their location strategies as well.